The new charges added two defendants, Jon Chang Hyok and Kim Il.
The first action against Pyongyang by President Joe Biden's administration took aim at what the department called "a global campaign of criminality" being waged by North Korea.
The department accused the three of a wide-ranging hacking and malware operation to obtain funds for their govern
ment while avoiding punishing UN sanctions that have cinched off its sources of income.
Over at least seven years, the officials creat
ed malicious cryptocurrency applications that opened back doors into targets' computers; hacked into companies marketing and trading digital currencies like bitcoin; and developed a blockchain platform to evade sanctions and secretly raise funds, the department said.
The allegations said the three worked together in the North Korean military intelligence's hacking-focused Reconnaissance General Bureau, better known within the cybersecurity community as the Lazarus Group, or APT 38.
In addition to the earlier charges, the three allegedly operated out of North Korea, Russia and China to hack computers using spearfishing techniques, and to promote cryptocurrency applications loaded with malicious software that allowed them to empty victims' crypto wallets.
They allegedly robbed digital currency exchanges in Slovenia and Indonesia and extorted a New York exchange of $11.8 million.
In a 2018 scheme, they robbed $6.1 million from ATM machines from Pakistan's BankIslami after gaining access to its computer network.
The Justice Department did not specify exactly how much it believed the defendants have stolen altogether.
'KEYBOARDS INSTEAD OF GUNS'
In addition, the charges said, Kim Il developed the blockchain-based digital currency-like "Marine Chain Token" which ostensibly was an instrument for investors to buy shares of shipping vessels.
He marketed opportunities to invest in the scheme in Singapore, without telling potential investors that it was mainly designed to hide ship ownership identities to help North Korea avoid sanctions, the charges said.
All of the actions, the Justice Department said, were to "further the strategic and financial interests of the (North Korean) government and its leader, Kim Jong Un."
"North Korea's operatives, using keyboards rather than guns, stealing digital wallets of cryptocurrency instead of sacks of cash, are the world's leading bank robbers," said Assistant Attorney General John Demers in a statement.
"Nation-state indictments like this are an important step in identifying the problem, calling it out in a legally rigorous format, and building international consensus," Demers said.
In parallel, the department announced that Ghaleb Alaumary of Mississauga, Canada, had pleaded guilty to one charge of acting as a money launderer for the North Koreans.
Alaumary helped arrange for money to be removed from ATMs hacked by the North Korean operation.
He was also, the department said, a "prolific" money launderer for other hackers engaged in ATM cash-out schemes, cyber-enabled bank theft, and fraud schemes based on hijacking companies' email.(Vilkår)Copyright Dagens Næringsliv AS og/eller våre leverandører. Vi vil gjerne at du deler våre saker ved bruk av lenke, som leder direkte til våre sider. Kopiering eller annen form for bruk av hele eller deler av innholdet, kan kun skje etter skriftlig tillatelse eller som tillatt ved lov. For ytterligere vilkår se her.